In his booklet Patronymes acadiens/Acadian Family Names Stephen White says: "Among this list of families present in Acadia at the time of the Deportation some of these family names were never seen again after the Deportation years. Perhaps for lack of heirs or perhaps they did not want to be found again out of fear."

He shares great insight into our Acadian Family names, how and why some of them have changed or disappeared altogether. The following comes from his booklet published by Éditions d'Acadie in 1992 and helps us to understand the diverse origins of the family names which could be found in Acadia between 1700 and 1763. Although the majority of the names are of French origin (primarily from western France), others such as Rodrigue and Pitre demonstrate that some of the original Acadians were of Spanish or Flemish descent.


"Even the casual observer will notice that a subtantial number of these Acadian families bore one or more nicknames. Some among these suggest the probable origins of the families, such as Amirault dit Tourangeau, Cellier dit Noramand, Deveau dit Dauphiné, Duon dit Lyonnais, Guillot dit Langevin, Le Jeune dit Briard, Levron dit Nantois, Orillon dit Champagne, Préjean dit Le Breton, and so on. These nicknames provide not only clues to the origins of some families where such origins cannot otherwise be documented, but conversely narrow down the field of possible origins of the original seventeenth-century recruits, since such nicknames would make little sense unless referring to something distinctive about these families.

Other nicknames betray the military past of the family's founder. For a substantial period during which no official efforts were made to attract new colonists, most of the new settlers in Acadia were former soldiers whose years of service were sufficient to permit their retirement and mariage to local girls,. In the case of Berrier dit Machefer, Bonnevie dit Beaumont, Creysac dit Toulouse, Garceau dit Tranchemontagne, La Lande dit Bonapetit, Léger dit La Rozette, Marchand dit Poitiers, and a few others, documentary evidence of military service exists. In the case of several others, including Lebert dit Jolycoeur, Lord dit La Montagne, Mazerolle dit Saint-Louis, and Richard dit Sansoucy, the sort of nickname borne by the family bespeaks a military background, even in the absence of proof.

A relatively uncommon Christian name might also be perpetuated as a replacement for the original family name. Thus the Brasseurs were called Mathieu, the Caissys, Roger; the Henrys, Robert; and the Vigneaus, Maurice; from the given name of the first ancestor of each line. In other cases a branch of a large family might adopt the first name of the founder of the branch in place of the family name to distinguish itself from other branches of the same clan (Hébert dit Manuel, Pitre dit Marc, Vincent dit Clément), or the descendants of one family might employ their ancestor's given name in the same way to set themselves apart from another family with the same last name (Martin dit Barnabé).

Some nicknames reflect the ancestor's occupation. Thus the descendants of the blacksmith Thomas Sauvage came to be known as the Forgeron family, while those of the butcher André Simon called themselves Bouchers. In other cases the nickname was most likely suggested by the ancestor's occupation, but documentary evidence of the latter is lacking(Calvé and Guérin, both dit Laforge).

Over all, this list includes the names of families whose members occupied a wide spectrum of social and economic levels, from the upholders of justice (Boudrot, Desgoutins)down to those who appear to have come here to evade its execution (Denis, Mangeant dit Saint-Germain, Sauvage dit Forgeron, Serreau de Saint-Aubin).

THOSE WHO DISAPPEARED: Nearly three-fourths of the families whose names comprise this list did not reappear in Acadia after the Dispersion. Of these a certain number disappeared naturally, either because the couple in question had no surviving children at all (Gisé, Lambourt, Poupart, Racois, for example), or at least no surviving sons (Belou, Bézier, Flan, Forton, Gadrau, Gentil, Gouzille, LeJuge, and so forth). Others perished as a direct result of their deportation (Apart, Froiquingont, Oudy, Tillard), especially in group disasters, such as shipwrecks and epidemics. Other families saw their numbers drastically reduced in these tragedies, but were not entirely extinguished (Arcement, La Vache, Le Prieur).

Certain families survived and even flourished in the new Acadias into which they were eventually transplanted, but their names came to be found only in those areas, and may consequently appear to be somewhat alien to Acadians from other regions. Among the names that persist only among the Cajuns in Louisiana are Arcement, Gravois, Heusé (Usé), Hugon, Mouton and Naquin. Only in Québec does one find Fontaine, Garceau, Gourdeau, Grandmaison, Héon, Long, Lord, Lucas, Messaguay, Poitevin, Rousse, and Saindon. The Cloistre, Orillon dit Champagne, and Part families carry on in both Louisiana and Québec, but not in Acadia. Marcadet and Pugnant dit Destouches persisted in Saint-Pierre and Miquelon until the Napoleonic Wars. Even in Acadia itself certain families re-established themselves only in certain areas. The Bugeauds were thus only to be found on Chaleurs Bay. The Bastarache dit Basque family survived only in New Brunswick. the Bruns were almost exclusively in southeastern New Brunswick and northern Nova Scotia. The Caissys and the Guéguens became distinctly New Brunswick Acadians, too, although a few spread from there into other provinces. Many Acadians from New Brunswick think of Boutin, Forgeron, Marchand, Martel, and Samson as French Canadian names, and the Acadians of the first, fourth, and fifth families just named can indeed trace their ancestry back to Québec, but these are also the names of important Acadian families in southern Cape Breton, Amirault, (Mius) d'Entremont, and Moulaison are concentrated in western Nova Scotia, Corporon, DeCoste(formerly Coste), Poitier (or Pothier), and Trahan are also names that could only be found in Nova Scotia after the Dispersion. Similarly, mention of the Bernard, Buote, or Longuépée families in a genalogy necessarily means that the Acadians of Prince Edward Island must be involved in the lineage.

... A few families dropped out of sight because they apparently chose to remain in exile. The Bodard, Boisseau, and Célestin dit Bellemère families come to mind in this regard. Branches of some well-known, widespread Acadian families stayed in certain British American colonies, but they changed or modified their names. There were Acadians named Doiron, Dupuis, and LeBlanc in Maryland, but they became Gold, Wells, and White. In Pennsylvania, some Trahans became Strahans. Further south, in the Carolinas Lanoue became Lanneau, while Deschamps was transformed into Dishongh. Turcots who were refugees in Québec crossed over into New York where they changed to Tarkets. A Michel family in Connecticut began using the name Mitchell, and across the state line in Massachusetts Dugas changed to Dugar and Robichaud to Robertshaw. Three generations later innumerable name changes resulted from Acadian emigration to New England. In this second dispersion Benoit became Bennett; Bourg, Burke; Doiron, Durant; Fougère, Frazier; Hébert Hubert; Langlois, Langley; LeJeune, Young; Petitpas, Pitts; Pitre, Peters; Poirier, Perry; Roy, King; and Vigneau, Veno. Were it not for the emigration of his own great-grandfather, this writer would sign below LeBlanc, instead of White.

The list of Acadian family names provides the careful reader with some interesting and valuable insights into Acadian history. The small tragedies of normal human existence and the overwhelming tragedy of the Acadian Diaspora have left their marks on this list, to the extent that any present-day Acadian, from any area, will find but few familiar names here; the others were scattered to far off destinations, or destroyed altogether, through the dangers and hardships of the great trauma inflicted on our people.. In a way this list stands as a tribute and a monument to them. For after over two centuries we still strive to preserve the memory of those who suffered the loss of their property, their country, and even their lives, because of their loyalty to their ideals and faith."


Reference: Patronymes acadiens/Acadian Family Names by Stephen A. White, Genealogist, University of Moncton, published by Les Éditions d'Acadie, 1992 C.P. 885, Moncton, New Brunswick, E1C8N8, Canada.


The list that follows was updated and corrected by Stephen A. White in 2003.

Abbadie de Saint-Castin, d'Allain
Amirault dit Tourangeau
Ango dit Choisy
Apart
Arcement
Arostenuguy
Arseneau
Aubois dit Dubois
Aubois dit Saint-Julien Aucoin
Auger
Ayot

Babin
Babineau dit Deslauriers
Barillot
Barolet
Bastarache dit (Le) Basque
Bastien
Belliveau dit Bideau Belliveau dit Blondin
Belou
Benoit dit Labrière
Bergereau
Bergeron d'Amboise Bergeron dit Nantes
Bernard
Berrier dit Mâchefer
Bernard
Bertaud dit Montaury
Bertrand
Bézier dit Touin dit Larivière
Blanchard
Blandard dit Gentilhomme
Bodard
Boisseau dit Blondin
Bonnevie dit Beaumont
Bonnière
Borel
Boucher
Boucher dit Desroches
Boudrot
Bourg
Bourgeois
Boutin
Brassaud
Brasseur dit Mathieu
Breau
Broussard
Brun
Bugeaud
Buisson
Buote
Buteau

Cahouet
Caissy dit Roger
Calvé dit Laforge
Carré
Carré dit Saint-Jacques
Caylan
Célestin dit Bellemère
Cellier dit Normand
Chauvet dit La Gernee
Chênet Dubreuil
Chesnay dit Lagarenne
Chevalier Chiasson dit La Vallée Chouteau dit Manseau
Clémenceau
Cloistre
Coignac
Comeau
Cormier dit Rossignol Cormier dit Thierry
Corne
Corporon
Cosset
Coste
Cottard
Cousin dit Lavigne
Crépaux
Creysac dit Toulouse
Cyr

Daigre
D'Amours de Chauffours
D’Amours de Clignancour
D’Amours de Freneuse
D’Amours de Louvrière
D’Amours de Plaine
Daniel
Darois
David
David dit Pontif
David dit Saint-Michel
Delisle
Denis
Denys de Fronsac
Derayer
Deschamps dit Cloche
Desmoillons
Després
Deveau dit Dauphiné
Dingle
Doiron
Dominé dit Saint-Sauveur
Doucet dit Laverdure
Doucet dit Mayard
Doucet dit Lirlandois
Doutremer
Druce
Dubois
Dubois dit Dumont
Dufaut
Dugas
Duguay
Duon dit Lyonnais
Duplessis
Dupuis

Egan

Flan
Fontaine dit Beaulieu
Forest
Forton
Fougère
Fournier
Froiquingont

Gadrau
Galerne
Gallé
Garceau dit Boutin
Garceau dit Richard
Garceau dit Tranchemontagne
Gareau
Gaudet
Gausset Gauterot
Gauthier dit Bellaire
Gentil
Giboire Duvergé dit Lamotte
Girouard
Gisé dit Desrosiers
Godin dit Beauséjour
Godin dit Bellefeuille
Godin dit Bellefontaine
Godin dit Boisjoli
Godin dit Catalogne
Godin dit Châtillon
Godin dit Lincour
Godin dit Préville
Godin dit Valcour
Gosselin
Gourdeau
Gousman
Goutin, de
Gouzille
Grageon
Grandmaison(Terriot dit Guillot dit)
Granger
Gravois
Grosvalet dit Vallois
Guédry dit Grivois
Guédry dit Labrador
Guédry dit Laverdure
Guéguen
Guénard
Guérin
Guérin dit Laforge
Guilbeau
Guillot dit Langevin
Guy dit Tintamarre
Guyon

Haché dit Gallant
Hamel
Hamet
Hamon
Hébert dit Manuel
Hélys dit Nouvelle
Henry dit Robert
Hensaule
Héon
Heusé
Hugon

Jandin
Jeanson
Joseph dit Lejeune

Kimine

La Barre
Labat, dit Le Marquis, de
La Bauve
La Chaume dit Loumeray
La Croix
La Lande dit Bonappetit
Lambert
Lambourt
Landron
Landry
Langlois
Lanoue
La Pierre dit La Roche
La Vache
Lavergne
La Vigne
Lebert dit Jolycoeur
Le Blanc
Le Blanc dit Jasmin
Le Borgne de Bélisle
Le Clerc dit Laverdure
Lecul
Léger dit La Rozette
Le Jeune dit Briard
Le Juge
Le Marquis dit Clermont
Le Mire
Le Neuf de Beaubassin
Le Neuf de Boisneuf
Le Neuf de La Vallière
L'Enfant
Le Poupet de Saint-Aubin
Le Prieur dit Dubois
Le Prince
Leroy dit l’Éspérance
L'Eschevin dit Billy
Le Vanier dit Langevin
Levasseur dit Chaverlange
Levron dit Nantois
Loiseau
Long
Longuépée
Loppinot
Lord dit La Montagne
Lucas

Maillet
Maisonnat dit Baptiste
Malboeuf
Mangeant dit Saint-Germain
Marcadet
Marchand dit Poitiers
Marres dit La Sonde
Martel de Magos
Martin
Martin dit Barnabé
Massé
Massié
Mathieu
Maucaïre
Mazerolle dit Saint-Louis
Melanson dit Laverdure
Melanson dit La Ramée
Mercier dit Caudebec
Messaguay
Meunier
Michel dit La Ruine
Michel dit Saint-Michel
Migneau dit Aubin
Mignier dit Lagassé
Mirande
Mius d'Azit
Mius d'Entremont de Plemarais
Mius d’Entremont de Pobomcoup
Monmellian dit Saint-Germain
Mordant dit Lanoy
Morin dit Boucher
Morpain
Moulaison dit Rencontre
Mouton
Moyse dit Latreille

Naquin dit l'Étoile
Noël dit Pariseau
Nogues
Nuirat

Olivier
Onel(O'Neale)
Orillon dit Champagne
Oudy
Ozelet

Part dit Laforest
Pellerin
Petitot dit Saint-Seine
Petitpas
Pichot
Picot dit La Rigueur
Pincer dit La Rigueur
Pincer dit Lapince
Pinet
Pitre dit Marc
Poirier
Poitevin dit Parisien
Poitier
Porlier
Pothier
Poujet dit Lapierre
Poupart
Préjean dit Le Breton
Prétieux
Pugnant dit Destouches

Racois dit Desrosiers
Raymond
Renaud dit Provençal
Richard
Richard dit Sansoucy
Richard dit Beaupré
Richard dit Boutin
Richard dit Lafont
Rimbeau
Rivet
Robichaud dit Cadet
Robichaud dit Niganne
Robichaud dit Prudent
Rodohan
Rodrigue dit de Fonds
Rousse dit Langedoc
Roy
Roy dit La Liberté
Rullier
Saindon
Saint-Étienne de La Tour, de
Saint-Julien de La Chaussée, de
Samson
Saulnier dit Lacouline
Sauvage dit Forgeron
Sauvage dit Michaud
Savary
Savoie
Semer
Serreau de Saint-Aubin
Serrier
Sicot
Simon dit Boucher
Soulard
Soulevent
Surette
Tandau
Terriot
Testard dit Paris
Thébeau
Thibault
Thibodeau
Tillard
Tourneur
Toussaint dit Lajeunesse
Trahan
Triel dit La Perrière
Turcot
Turpin dit La Giroflée

Vescot
Viger
Vigneau dit Maurice
Villatte
Vincent dit Clément


© Stephen A. White
& Acadian & French Canadian Ancestral Home
1998 - Present



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